Muscle atrophy is a process in which a loss or reduction occurs in muscle size. It can occur for various reasons, for example, as a result of inactivity due to a job or sedentary lifestyle. It can also be a result of suffering from a disease (such as muscular dystrophy), in which muscles are affected. In any case, nutrition may help prevent it.
Eating the right food
If you suffer muscular atrophy, you can prevent or delay the loss of more muscle mass by incorporating certain foods to your diet. Muscles are composed primarily of proteins, therefore, consumption of foods rich in these nutrients will help to slow or prevent muscle loss. This does not mean you should follow a diet exclusively protein-based, and your diet should be balanced. It is also important to include fruits and vegetables, that your muscles need to receive to remain vital and strong. In addition, you will either follow a low fat diet to reduce the risk of becoming overweight or obese.
Some foods have more protein than others naturally. Foods high in protein are all kinds of nuts, peanut butter, eggs and dairy products such as milk or cheese. Ice cream, smoothies and pudding are made with milk and are another option to consider. All meats (beef, chicken or pork) and organ meats such as liver, kidney, heart) contain protein, but it is better to opt for the consumption of lean meats, as they usually have a lower fat content.
Low fat foods
Foods low in fat will help prevent overweight or obesity, which is especially important if you suffer from muscle atrophy. The excess can hamper the proper functioning of your muscles. Some low fat foods are, for example , cottage cheese, yogurt and skim or low fat milk.
Fruits and vegetables
Fruits and vegetables will provide your body a number of essential nutrients, but some are also rich in magnesium, a mineral that your muscles need to function smoothly. Without adequate magnesium, your muscles weaken and can spasm, which is especially bad if you suffer of muscular atrophy. The pumpkin, bananas, beet greens, spinach and other leafy greens are some of the foods rich in magnesium.